Jun 21 2013

Unreality Interview: Women Gamers Speak Out

Published by at 11:00 am under Debate,Editorials,Video Games

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You know what the gaming community needs? More male perspective (said nobody ever). There’s been a lot of talk and debate about women’s issues on the internet in recent days and precious little of it seems to come from the most vital source of all: women gamers. Here at Unreality, there happen to be two individuals who not only fit this description, but own it.

So my idea was this: we get two of the site’s finest together to give us their thoughts on gaming and the industry, and on women’s representation and place in them.  So with promises of cake (sorry, ladies, you know what they say about the cake) I managed to lure our own Sara Clemens and Benny Bedlam into an email exchange so that their knowledge could become our knowledge. The conversation was as follows:

 

NV:  Let’s begin with something easy. A source of a lot of discontent with the industry among women is the rarity of strong, relatable female protagonists. But some of the ones we have gotten have been pretty memorable so let’s start positive. Could you name some of your all-time favorite female characters from video games and which one you personally identify with the most?

SC:  This one is extra easy since I did a post about it earlier this year. I like Samus Aran in most of the Metroid titles, Lara Croft, Chell, and Bayonetta, which is the one that gets me into trouble with other ladies. I just can’t help it; she’s such a snarky badass. I also catch flack for liking Chell because she’s a silent protagonist with no personality. Except she’s me, so she has the best personality, and one gamer’s silence is another’s stoicism.

The female character I most identify with would have to be Commander Shepard. The reason why is best expressed by Jennifer Hale, who provides her voice: “Paragon Shepard is who I wish I was and Renegade Shepard is what I want to say.” I like to play as a paragon with a dash of renegade.

BB: This is a really challenging question since I have played a lot of games in the past. Everybody knows I love Miranda Lawson from the Mass Effect series. She was one of the few love interests who didn’t fall for Shepard’s charms right away. She can stand on her own, which is what I love about her.

My other favorite would have to be Anora from Dragon Age and I identify with her the most. Other players tend to see her as cold and manipulative but I see her as a fighter. Her methods might not be pure, but she’s not evil and I can see that she truly wishes to be a good ruler for Ferelden.

NV: Those are some very interesting picks, ladies. I’m glad you both brought up Bioware titles because I’d like to expand on that a little. I think that particular company has done more than any other in the past two console cycles to push individualized storytelling forward while being as all-inclusive as possible with character and romance options.

But in spite of Bioware’s attempts at representation, even gay and feminist gamers have joined in the massive backlash against the company. What do you think they need to do at this point and are there any other games or franchises you would suggest to discerning female gamers looking for proper representation and empowerment?     

SC: Hmm, I’m not sure what Bioware can do to win people over. I think a lot of the Bioware backlash is undeserved, really. And I’m including all of it, including the rage over the ME3 endings. That level of vitriol really speaks to how well Bioware told Shepard’s story, and how well they were able to make the player feel like were really a part of that story.

Everyone’s Shepard is theirs, and it would be really impossible to create an ending that completely satisfied everyone. Of course, I’m speaking as a person who played with the extended cut the first time, so I don’t have the same experience as everyone who beat ME3 shortly after it came out. My glasses might be rosier than others.

As far as other female-centric games, I think Beyond Good and Evil and Mirror’s Edge are good choices. I’m hopeful for Remember Me, too. As far as franchises go, I’ll probably catch hell for it, but I like the Fable games. Now, the first one doesn’t count, since you can only play as a dude, and the third one is admittedly a step backward for the whole franchise, but I really dug the second. That’s one of the games I’m always happy to revisit. I’m cautiously optimistic for Fable 4, especially since Peter Molyneux’s off the project. I’m not a Molyneux hater or anything, but I think sometimes he has a tendency to overreach. I’m looking forward to seeing what the franchise’s inheritors do with it.

BB: I don’t think BioWare needs to do anything. I really loved what they did with Traynor and Cortez in Mass Effect 3, plus the Dragon Age series has its share of gay and bisexual love interests. I don’t think it’s enough reason to include characters such as these for the sake of diversifying or just because. You could have an all-straight, all gay, or a mixed cast as long as it fits the narrative.

People also complained about Miranda’s physical appearance because of how it objectified women. I’ve heard feminists complaint that it’s not realistic for her to fight in a tight suit like that and in high heels. For them, it makes her look like a sex object. I actually think Miranda is one hell of a woman for still being an exceptional fighter despite the outfit restrictions. Lastly, there are a lot of fans like myself that appreciate her character from inside and out.
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NV: Looks like three biodrones are we. Benny’s comments about Miranda bring up a very interesting point that I’d like to expand on regarding representation. Take a series like Dead or Alive. About half of the fighters in any of the main games (I’m discounting the DOAX oglefests, here) are kickass women with strong, diverse, independent personalities. But they are also really damn hot and exude a kind of tongue-in-cheek sexuality that sets off alarms with a lot of people. The borderline-fetishistic downloadable costume packs probably don’t help either. What are your thoughts on the balance between female representation and their portrayal as objects of male desire?    

BB: If you’re talking about just that franchise in particular, I think people should take a step back and realize that Tecmo isn’t aiming to paint a realistic approach to their video games. Japan is also known for its anime and Lolita fashion, so I believe that it’s hard for to answer that question from a general standpoint since it pretty much varies depending on the culture you were raised. For example, Americans might find it erotic to see women in French maid outfits walking around the streets but in another culture like in Japan… it’s completely normal.

I think it’s fair to have games like Lollipop Chainsaw, DOA: Xtreme Beach Volleyball, and the like because they are made simply for entertainment and humor. It’s not realistic. We have games like Tomb Raider and Beyond: Two Souls for that. Plus, I’m seeing more and more serious themed games like that being developed at present. While I believe that we will always have “sex-object” themed games, I think that there’s a positive balance of female portrayal in the industry.

SC:  I always struggle a bit when criticizing portrayals of women in media, and that goes for all forms, not just games. You’re actually hitting on a common theme within the ways women are portrayed across the board, be it video games, film, television, or literature. A lot of female characters are still very clearly designed to appeal to the male gaze while simultaneously possessing complex personalities.

Sometimes I’m crestfallen because it seems like despite these complex personalities, their real value still lies in how screwable they are. Other times I kick myself for judging too harshly, or worse, participating in slut-shaming. I don’t want to be the clothing police. Demanding women cover themselves up only serves to demonize and hypersexualize female bodies even further. Adding to all that internal struggle, some male characters in fighting games have ridiculous costumes that also aren’t conducive to fighting, and I’m way more apt to just accept them as they are.

I think the real problem stems from the fact that there just isn’t as diverse of a spectrum when it comes to female characters in media. Often we’re left judging one or two female characters in a male-dominated group so they end up bearing more than a fair share of the burden of representation. We need to work towards a place where we’ve got all sorts of women crowding the stage—sexual and not, physically tough and not, mentally tough and not, feminine and not, etc.

 

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NV: Speaking of representation, let me get back to Mass Effect for just a second.  It has been stated by Bioware that only 18% of gamers chose to play as a female Commander Shepherd, which I find rather troubling since FemShep is the best Shep. This may have to do with the fact that the Wii reportedly has an 80% share of female console gamers.

But console preferences aside, according to available statistics, overall only 15% of playable characters are female to go with 47% of gamers being of the fairer sex, which is a large discrepancy, to say the least.In spite of the success of series’ like Metroid and Tomb Raider, the industry maintains that heroines don’t sell as well as their male counterparts, even with nearly half of players being of the feminine persuasion. Why do you think that is and what can be done about it?

SC: I actually think the industry is starting to renege on that stance, especially coupled with those new statistics showing gaming is approaching more of a real-world demographic breakdown. With the recent reboot of Tomb Raider and titles like Remember Me and Transistor on the horizon, I think we’re seeing a move towards equilibrium when it comes to game protagonists. Well, the beginnings of a move, anyway.

We’ve just got to make sure we don’t stop moving forward, and a good way to ensure forward momentum is for women to keep making moves towards working within the industry itself. I’m raising my glass to lady developers, programmers, writers, and artists. Here’s hoping more are on the way.

BB: I don’t know the exact reason why that’s happening, but I do have an opinion about it. Well, we’ve been living in a society that’s been dominated by males for various centuries. If I’m not mistaken, I believe that it was only after the 60’s or the mad men era women were liberated from their submissive roles. This might not be related to video games, but I do believe it’s important to consider.

So, I think that men and even women are still trying to adjust to the latter being represented as dominant and strong. For example, my female friends and myself like using a male protagonist and have no qualms with rescuing damsels in distress. Why? Well, blame it on the pop culture we grew up on. At the same time, I don’t think that it’s only about picking the ‘stronger’ sex. Like Nick, I sometimes play the opposite sex for narrative purposes because RPG video games give us the power to craft our own stories.

Anyway, I do believe that we’ll have more pop culture icons like Tomb Raider for the next years to come because times are changing. A recent Forbes report noted that women are now the new breadwinners, so it’s only a matter of time. However, I don’t think we should just sit on our butts and wait for this happen. Continue the dialogue for women empowerment in a positive and constructive manner.

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Definitions of “constructive” may vary.

 

NV: Hear, hear. Alright, these questions are clearly too easy for you two. Let’s have a tough one now.  A lot of people are actually pointing at popular culture such as video games as being a source of sexism or general feminine depowerment due to their near-constant portrayals of weak and static tropes and stereotypes. But when someone suggests a similar correlation regarding the ubiquitous violence of the same mediums, they bristle. Do you think the two opinions are reconcilable?     

BB:  I have my thoughts on it, but I really wouldn’t know because we can only answer this question without any bias through conducting a formal study. Anyway, I’ll try my best to convey my opinion on it without confusing anyone. I don’t believe that sexism in video games cause men to treat women badly. I mean I don’t even call games like Lollipop Chainsaw or Dead or Alive: Xtreme Beach Volleyball sexist, but let’s just use that as an example cause it uses ‘sex appeal.’

I believe the same for violence, and I’d like to give credit to prolific FBI criminal profiler John Douglas for saying that the media cannot turn a law-abiding or moral individual into a violent criminal. Sure, it can give us methods on how to make a bomb, harass a woman, or shoot someone but that’s it. You’d have to be emotionally or mentally troubled to follow through with those ideas.

However, I do think that there’s an exception with some extremely violent games that are purely malevolent. Grand Theft Auto lets you kill civilians and commit crimes, but that’s just a part of it. Players are immersed by the story and can do other non-criminal stuff too. DOA: XBV glorifies boobs and skimpy outfits, but players also look forward to playing the volleyball campaign and mini games. The exception I’m talking about is games like Rapelay wherein the main objective is to rape a mother and her two daughters. There’s even gang rape. That’s all there is to it. I’m sure there’s also a game out there where the main objective or focus is just to hurt or torture someone.

I believe that if you have games focused purely on violent acts (without a reasonable contextual narrative to support it) such as this, I do believe that it can negatively impact our perceptions during our formative years because it cements the idea that violence is okay. I don’t think it’ll have the same impact if we are older though. Lastly, going back to Douglas… I wouldn’t even be interested in or have the need to play these types of games. Perhaps for curiosity, but that’s it.

SC:  Oh Jesus Christ this is such a great question. I’ve actually been turning this one over in my head for a while now. I don’t know if I’m ready to come down definitively on one side or the other, but that’s mostly because I keep leaning towards no, these two opinions are not reconcilable. Certainly I can see that if one makes an argument that video games contribute to misogynistic and sexist views and/or the depowerment of women, then one can also make an argument that video games contribute to the desensitizing of violence in our society.

Do I think media creates misogynists or sexists out of otherwise upstanding citizens? No. Do I think media creates perpetrators of violence out of otherwise upstanding citizens? No. Do I think misogynistic or sexist tropes in media reinforce misogynistic or sexist beliefs in people who already hold them? Yes. Do I think graphic and/or relentless violence in media reinforces violent thoughts and tendencies in individuals who already have a propensity for violence? Yes. At the very least, it reinforces the idea that violence equals power, and that’s dangerous for someone in the wrong state of mind.

However, the cultures surrounding misogyny/sexism and violence are quite different. When a shooting or any other major act of violence occurs in this country, everyone agrees it’s a tragedy. Most people, strangers even, will try to stop a minor act of violence occurring (a bar fight, etc.). But a girl gets filmed getting raped, and the evidence is suppressed. A hacker brings the evidence back to light, and he’s tried for a longer sentence than the rapists. I realize they’re minors, so their sentences will obviously be lesser, but Deric Lostutter shouldn’t be tried at all. The rapists are also the scum of the earth, so there’s that. Then CNN expresses sympathy for the rapists’ ruined futures.

On a more minor level, I write an article about how Kaidan Alenko is dumb, and people write me emails with very female-centric threats of violence. Maybe they’ve been playing too many video games. The bottom line is that it’s okay to view women as either objects or subhuman. And yes, negative media tropes contribute to that viewpoint, just like they contribute to the idea that violence is cool or powerful, or drugs are glamorous. So while I admit it might be self-serving of me, I’d rather spend my time focusing on ways to balance media portrayals of women.

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NV:  Wow. I threw you a fastball and you both hit it out of the park. Well, since it looks like I’ve gone and gotten you in the mood for a rant, let’s go with that. Online gaming culture can be a hostile place for women. There are entire websites dedicated to the displays of misogyny that spew forth from the virtual mouths of immature assholes. Both of you appear to be social gamers so surely you have some stories to share. What is the most hateful or ridiculous thing a male gamer has ever said to you?

SC: Ha ha, I assure you I was quite calm throughout the composition of my last response, thank you very much! As for war stories, I actually don’t have many good ones. I played some multiplayer games of Halo in college on occasion, but never wore a headset. Nowadays I only play online with real-life friends, so no one’s being a jerk because I know where they live. And also they’re not jerks.

I play a medieval fantasy MUD, but everyone’s too busy role-playing to actually do anything untoward on a player-to-player level. The few times I have dropped in to a multiplayer match and gotten lip from men were nothing unique. I’ve been called a c*nt and bitch, obviously, and I’ve gotten the usual untoward requests for oral sex, along with general inquiries as to the specific characteristics of my anatomy.

I talked about this here on Unreality a couple weeks ago, but I recently wrote a piece about Mass Effect for another site and received some terrible responses that were actually somewhat creative. Someone said they wished I’d get raped by a reaper. I get that reapers are really huge so the idea is that it would hurt SO MUCH, but the truth is that it’s just physically impossible. Aside from the fact that reapers aren’t things that exist in this world, it’s a lot like that SNL sketch with Christopher Walken, Ana Gasteyer, Will Ferrell, and Rachel Dratch where they talk about shinshi shinshi. That’s when Ana Gasteyer was “willing to accept her lover’s body in places no one had ever trespassed. Specifically, the ear canal.” Hilariously absurd.

 BB: Well, I was threatened to be “raped” or “ass f***ed” during multiplayer matches for FPS games. However, I don’t think it’s because I’m a woman since my username “cdrbedlam” doesn’t really say anything about my gender. Plus, I’ve heard them use it to address or threaten other male players too. Usually when someone fires obscenities at me, I shoot back some of my own. Oh, I swear like a sailor when I play video games. I was insulted and disgusted when someone propositioned me right after a game. My reaction can be encapsulated in this meme:

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NV: Hey, I never get any untoward requests for oral sex! Now I just feel unloved. You women have it sooooo good. No seriously, I think we’ve about covered it. Ms. Clemens and Ms. Bedlam, you’ve done the gaming community a great service by sharing your perspective, experiences, and insight and I thank you for it. It’s only fair in an interview about female empowerment that the ladies get the last word, so let’s have some closing thoughts and final words of wisdom from each of you.   

BB: I think it’s great that we are seeing more video games that promote female empowerment, and it will only be a matter of time when new clichés or stereotypes are formed. You never know.  Perhaps, men will be the next generation’s “damsels” in distress. It won’t happen, by waiting though because I think we should actively continue the dialogue about proper female representation.

Lastly, I think that people shouldn’t crucify every joke or game like DOAX: Beach Volleyball so quickly. There are times when a joke is simply just that. Examine the context, relationship, and culture behind what you’re criticizing because sometimes it only spreads hate instead of empowerment. Thanks, that is all.

SC:  Hopefully I’ve given you a window into one woman’s experience with the industry she loves. And I do love it, in case that’s at all questionable. Video games have given me some of the more profound experiences of my life, including facilitating some deep interpersonal interactions (as in, I was gaming with a real person in the room and we had a moment or two), and no immature dorkbot on the internet will ever take that away from me. However, I don’t think it would hurt the industry to strive to be more representative of the diversity of its ever-growing fan base, close to half of which are women. It would be nice to see less white-dude avatars in general, for that matter.

 

 





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13 responses so far

  • http://nope hallamq

    Though I’m not a woman, I’ve always considered the girls from “The Longest Journey” and “Dreamfall” the best examples of strong, relatable female protagonists. Also, the girl from “Beyond Good & Evil”.

  • Aether McLoud

    “Everybody knows I love Miranda Lawson from the Mass Effect series.” – now that’s quite the generalization. Most people I know hate her. Me included. Well maybe not hate, I just am completely indifferent to her. I’ll always be a Tali kind of guy. Even with 200 ass-shots over the Series I never though of Miranda as a potential love interest for my Shepards.

    Genetically perfected, tight skin-suit wearing model with a daddy complex? That just screams clichéd male fantasy.

  • http://saraclemens.com Sara Clemens

    She said everybody knows she (Benny) loves Miranda. She’s written about it before.

  • http://commanderbedlam.com Benny Bedlam

    Yeah, I was talking about my own preference. Notice I said “I” not everyone.

  • http://nickverboon Nick Verboon

    Talimancer fist-bump, McLoud. I wasn’t a big fan of the Cerberus cheerleader in the second game, but she really grew on me in the third when she was kicking all the ass solo and just kind of letting you come along for part of the ride. Seems like her story in that one could have made a pretty cool game in and of itself, but Shepherd’s damn quest to save the entire universe kind of elbowed it out of the way.

  • Aether McLoud

    Well this is awkward, I completely misinterpreted that sentence. I’ll just chalk this one up to me not being a native speaker instead of me only skimming through the paragraph instead of slowly reading it before posting :)

  • Chris Landry

    I enjoyed the article, thanks to all three of you. I have just one question about a statement the author made that relates to something I’ve been curious about recently.

    The statement was: “…according to available statistics, overall only 15% of playable characters are female….”

    Could you tell me how many years of video games that covers? Specifically, does it reflect how the industry has changed rather dramatically over the last, say, 3-6 years?

    I can see it being 15% over the last 25 years, but if we shortened it to 3 years, would we still see it really low or would it be something closer to 30-40%?

    As I said, I’m curious about the answer, as from my perspective, I think we have been seeing a lot more playable female characters over the last few years in comparison to the past.

  • http://saraclemens.com Sara Clemens

    Excellent question, Chris. I’d like to have a look-see at some of those statistics myself, if just for curiosity’s sake.

    How about it, Nick? Care to share a bit of your research?

  • http://nickverboon Nick Verboon

    Hey, somebody actually enjoyed it! Thank you, sir. I was thinking I must suck or something since the only reader comment was because of a misunderstanding.

    The latest report I found was a census from last year of 669 current video game titles, out of which only 24 starred female protagonists for a total of about 3.6%. But that insanely tiny number is offset somewhat by games where you could choose to play as either male of female (about 45%, so you aren’t exactly wrong). There was another study as well that focused specifically the top 150 best-selling games from 2005-2006 that is where the 15% number I cited came from. The choices offered to gamers have been plentiful this gen so yes, we are definitely making progress on that front, but it’s tough to find games with specifically female leads.

    It’s more challenging than I thought to find a good breakdown of these numbers. I’d really like to see a list of the games surveyed and whether or not NPC’s are taken into account when they say “female characters”, but most of the results are articles that are vague on the details and don’t provide links to the studies in question. If I didn’t know better, I’d swear that the media doesn’t know how to do science.

  • http://www.joybossardet.com Joy Bossardet

    Awesome article, Nick! And awesome contributions by Sara & Benny. The media may not know how to research, but you do! Thanks for providing the backup reports and info.

  • Chris Landry

    2005-2006 is a really long time ago as far as gaming progress goes. Sure, Lara Croft and Samus Aran have been around since before then, but it’s still 6.5 years ago! There’s no way to see the growth of an industry over time with just one statistic from just one year. Thousands of games have launched since then, but this statistic just ignores them.

    I don’t think it’s fair to only count games where there is a single protagonist played by the player in a set story-line. In fact, while I love playing games with a set storyline, there seems to be a vocal resentment toward set storyline games, both among players and among developers. Not all players and developers, but I have seen a number of reports coming out of GDC this year where developers are trying to figure out how best to let the player tell their own story.

    Which means that these folks want more sandbox style gaming. Right now, even the most on-the-rails MMO is more of a sandbox than your typical single-player storyline game.

    However, it seems like some of these numbers are throwing out the MMO’s, and even single player games like Mass Effect 2, where a player can choose between male and female characters. Personally, I think that tells a very biased story about the number of female playable characters out there.

    Here’s how it would play out with some really basic statistics (completely made up).

    Option 1: Say there are 500 games total for the year XXXX. 30 have a female protagonist in a set single player storyline. 120 have a male protagonist in a set single player storyline. We don’t count the others because the player is given the option to choose male or female.

    A. Female playable characters: 30/150, or 20% of 150 games total
    B. Male playable characters: 120/150, or 80% of 150 games total

    Option 2: Every game counts because every playable female character counts. No playable female character is worth any less or more than any other. If we cut the number of games where you can choose in half so that they don’t get counted twice, we get:

    A. Female playable characters: 205/500, or 41% of 500 games total
    B. Male playable characters: 295/500, or 59% of 500 games total

    Option 2b: If we purposely count each game where the player can choose as two separate games (one with a male protagonist and one with a female protagonist) we get:

    A. Female playable characters: 380/850, or 45% of 850 games total
    B. Male playable characters: 470/850, or 55% of 850 games total

    Pretty big difference, and with Option 2 and 2b, we aren’t tacitly implying something like “Women who play a female character in an MMO don’t count!” Personally, I can’t stomach that kind of statement, even if it’s only loosely implied by discounting all female playable characters where the player could have chosen a male.

    Option 1 sounds like what you got up there with the 15% statistic. If you ignore all the games where a player gets to pick, the numbers look dismal, which might have been exactly what that journalist wanted for their article.

    That brings us to where you and I agree, that is, we need more solid numbers. Someone needs to do the footwork to dig up the numbers for at least the last 3-6 years and get us some real statistics. Sounds like a job for a good journalist, eh? You might have to dig up the numbers yourself and create your own study. Just think, you’d be the first, as far as we can tell.

    I agree that the industry can still improve. However, we don’t know how much improvement is needed, or how much improvement is already happening. It’s like trying to grade a paper in school when you don’t have an answer sheet or any previous tests to look at. Anyone can grade the industry however they want because we don’t have an answer sheet on which to base our grades!

    It’s also worth noting that from a developer’s perspective, the choice of male/female/gay/lesbian/etc. as a playable character in any game is dependent on the gameplay of the game they intend to make. See what Myamoto, Nintendo’s CEO, had to say about this at http://www.gamasutra.com/view/news/194835/Miyamoto_on_women_as_characters_in_Nintendo_games.php

  • Alex

    Can I see some sources on those stats? I don’t, for a second, think that if you look at hours played/games bought etc… that 47% of gamers are women…

    I.e. Let’s use ME3 … some assumptions 1) 47% of ME3 gamers were women 2) Only women played femshep…(neither assumption is correct btw.)

    So…that means that 38% of women who played ME3 chose to play a female character and 0% of men did.

    Do you see my point? Either a) women don’t play female characters b) women aren’t playing the games where strong female characters are an option.

    ME3 has one of the strongest female characters ever and more than 4/5 played as a guy.

    The 47%, frankly, is just bogus and there is your problem. If you look at who buys the consoles, the gaming rigs, the games, plays more hours etc…etc…it’s overwhelmingly dudes. And that’s why the gaming industry caters to men. There are absolutely hardcore female gamers but they are a tiny minority and the people who makes games, know that.

    PS – I am a guy and played FemShep.

  • http://saraclemens.com Sara Clemens

    Chris: I think that quote is really just Miyamoto’s semi-diplomatic avoidance of the issue as opposed to anything resembling an actual development philosophy, but Nintendo’s own experience with Metroid, where Samus was male until someone thought halfway through development to make her female pretty handily disproves the idea that the gameplay structure is/would be impacted in any way by the protagonist’s gender, which casts further doubt on the idea it would similarly be impacted by race or sexual orientation, either.

    Alex: The 47% stat comes from the Entertainment Software Association’s (who owns and operates E3) 2012 annual report on computer and video game player data. The 2013 report has the number of female players at 45%. They don’t publish their survey techniques, unfortunately, and you’re correct in assuming they include all types of games, not just triple AAA titles.

    However, until there’s a study of gender breakdowns across just hardcore gaming (which is a tricky thing to define), assuming it’s overwhelmingly dudes with women as a tiny minority is merely that—an assumption.

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